Culture of Peace Programme (CPP)
As a result of the United Nations' 1992 Agenda for Peace and the urgent call made in 1994 by the UNESCO Member States at the 140th session of the Executive Board to renew its commitment to contributing to 'peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for human rights and fundamental freedoms', UNESCO created the Culture of Peace Programme (CPP) that same year.
The CPP is a dynamic peace-building initiative, aiming to promote respect for human rights and tolerance, encourage intercultural dialogue, fight discrimination, reinforce peace and sustainable development, and facilitate constructive dialogue in pre- and post-conflict settings, through a transdisciplinary project entitled Towards a Culture of Peace. This medium-term strategy for 1996-2001 includes the following initiatives:
- design, elaboration and implementation of national and sub-regional programmes of a culture of peace;
- development of a networking and information system to link individuals and organizations working inside and outside of conflict settings;
- coordination of peace-building activities undertaken by UNESCO and other UN agencies, inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations; and
- provision of an integrated approach to implementing and evaluating activities in UNESCO's various field offices and units helping to promote the culture of peace.
The CPP's National Programmes (as implemented in parts of Africa and Latin America) emphasize traditional methods of problem-solving, providing a chance for all parties to become actively involved in the process of reconciliation and to help design, implement and evaluate programmes, which include:
- training of parliamentarians and elected officials in the fundamentals of good governance, democracy and social justice;
- empowerment of women, enabling them to participate effectively in the reconciliation process;
- retraining and social reintegration of demobilised soldiers;
- civic education programmes addressing issues of conflict management;
- creation of networks which reinforce and improve peace processes;
- development and support of the media contributing to the promotion of a culture of peace;
- targeting the youth through workshops which rebuild social cohesion; and
- collection and use of materials and information on traditional methods of conflict prevention and resolution.
At the same time, the CPP's Networking and Information System is designed to reflect and encourage the emergence of a universal movement for a culture of peace by spreading the message of peace using UNESCO's network of contacts and involving policy-makers and political decision-makers. Support is given to peace-building efforts at local and national levels, carried out by the National Commissions of UNESCO, UNESCO clubs and associations, and NGO's. In UNESCO's field of competence, the CPP undertakes, and collaborates on, a range of activities, such as educational projects, research and dissemination of findings of research for peace, fora and meetings of intellectuals, projects supporting positive cultural images in the arts and the media, and projects addressing the problem of violence.
UNESCO publishes the Culture of Peace Newsletter, intended to show the scope of its activities for a culture of peace and to exchange information with others working in the field.
For more information, please contact: Culture of Peace Programme, Room 6061, UNESCO, 7 Place Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France; tel.: +33 1 45 68 08 77; fax: +33 1 45 68 55 57; e-mail: email@example.com; http://www.unesco.org/cpp
The NAM Medellin Declaration for Cultural Diversity and Tolerance
Ministers in charge of culture of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) met in Medellin, Colombia, 4-5 September 1997, to propose actions to promote cultural co-operation among the Member States and respect for cultural diversity and freedom of expression. The following text highlights elements of the Medellin Declaration for Cultural Diversity and Tolerance which resulted from their deliberations.
For the Ministers, 'the guiding principles of the Movement continue to be valid because, notwithstanding the end of the Cold War and, consequentially, the end of ideological confrontation, new barriers have emerged between the North and the South. Globalization, unipolarism, and technological gaps, as well as aggression and occupation, threaten and marginalize our cultures and their national character, and jeopardize our survival as sovereign nations.'
Cultural diversity and plurality of views
The Ministers acknowledged that cultural diversity and plurality of views of the world constitute a major asset of humanity. 'These rich diversities should be considered as opportunities for cooperation and solidarity rather than reasons for dissension.' Furthermore, cooperation 'should be grounded in the acknowledgement and respect of the cultural identity and sovereignty of each State'.
Role of the media and modern communications technology
The Ministers 'agreed on the need for intensive research efforts by Non-Aligned Countries in the development of communications technology and cooperation amongst the NAM members as a means of redressing the continued imbalances and inequalities between developed countries and developing countries in the field of information and communication'. They therefore made a commitment 'to take specific actions to strengthen the South-South cooperation in the information and communication fields, as well as in other forms of cultural cooperation, including education and training, based on the principle of collective self-reliance'. The Ministers also acknowledged that 'modern telecommunications know-how and updated audio-visual and printed information services should not be employed as a means of cultural dominance against the vernacular cultures of the world'. They noted 'that broadcasting content that runs contrary to the cultural and moral values of the developing countries should be discouraged'.
The Ministers requested 'national and international organizations, especially the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the UNESCO Intergovernmental Commission for Intellectual Property, to continue to work with ever greater intensity on the recognition and defense of community rights and creative folk activities in different cultures, mainly those in developing countries'.
They also agreed on the importance of preserving and advancing 'cultural heritage by adhering to national cultural policies' and of 'solidarity against the ideological and cultural infiltration by the developed countries'.
Emphasis was given to 'conceiving culture from a broad standpoint, transcending the concept that limits it to fine arts and folklore'. Ministers suggested 'a culture-sensitive process of development which will be able to draw on the large resources of creativity and traditional knowledge and skills that are to be found throughout the developing world.
The Ministers expressed their concern over 'discriminatory practices based on culture, nationality, religion or language, and rejected contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related forms of intolerance'. They affirmed 'the right of migrants to express their culture in host countries in a way that does not jeopardize or disrespect the culture and religious values of the host country'.
It was noted that 'the present trend towards globalization leads to the loss of identity, and of the sense of community, personal esteem, as well as the sense of belonging to one's own culture'. Therefore, the Ministers 'agreed that equitable and mutually beneficial globalization is the best option by which countries of the South may enrich the cultural heritage of mankind'.
The Declaration is contained in the publication entitled Primera Reunión de Ministros de Cultura del Movimiento de Países No Alineados (First Meeting of Ministers of Culture of the Non-Aligned Movement), Medellín, Colombia, Septiembre 3-5, 1997, Presidencia de la República y Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores.
(Source: South Letter, no. 29/1997)
The Kennedy Center Publications, part of the David M. Kennedy Center for International Studies at Brigham Young University, strives to build bridges of understanding in the global community through its publications which include Culturgrams, Infograms, scholarly papers, journals, and books. A Culturgram is a four-page briefing designed to introduce the reader to the daily customs and lifestyles, as well as the political and economic structure, of a particular nation, with the goal of presenting the people of a specific culture and thus encouraging understanding and appreciation between different nationalities. Ideal for educators, students, community leaders, businessmen, government representatives, and travelers, Culturgrams provide clear and concise information on a culture rather than focusing on statistical data. Each Culturgram covers the following topics:
- Background, including land, climate, and history;
- The People, including population, language, religion, general attitudes, and personal appearance;
- Customs and Courtesies, including greetings, gestures, visiting, and eating;
- Lifestyle, including family, dating and marriage, diet, recreation, holidays, and commerce;
- Society, including government, economy, transportation and communication, education, and health; and
- For the Traveler.
In addition, the USA Culturgram for the International Visitor is published, which is somewhat longer, designed for international visitors, and is currently available in English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.
Culturgrams represent contributions from individuals worldwide who have extensive experience living and working in a given country, and meeting certain residency, educational, and professional criteria. Drafts are reviewed by a panel of experts with similar qualifications but differing backgrounds. The Kennedy Center Publications seeks reviewers (preferably natives) from more than 60 countries.
Those interested to act as reviewers should contact the Kennedy Center Publications, Brigham Young University, Attn.: Culturgram Editors, PO Box 24538, Provo, UT 84602-4538, USA, tel.: (800) 528-6279; fax: (801) 378-5882; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; WWW: http://fhss.byu.edu/kenncent/publications/reviewers.html
The Culturgram series is updated on an annual basis, ensuring that each text reflects a country's latest political, statistical, and societal changes. An updated and revised Culturgram edition is released 1 August of each year, with several new Culturgrams added to the series each year.
Culturgrams are available in several formats. They are sold individually, in loose-leaf sets, in bound volumes (Culturgrams: The Nations around Us is published as a two-volume, soft-bound set, with Volume I including the Americas and Europe and Volume II covering Africa, Asia, and Oceania), and in area and language sets. Individual Culturgram prices are $6.00 ($4.00 for educational institutions), while the complete sets are $120.00 (or $80.00). A complete catalogue is available at http://fhss.byu.edu/kenncent/publications/cgcat.html containing detailed information about the different sets, a list of the 164 Culturgrams currently available, information regarding retail and educational pricing, and specific ordering details.
Much of the information found in Culturgrams is also available on CD ROM through the Encarta '97 World Atlas produced by Microsoft. Brigham Young University has licensed the Culturgrams electronic rights to Microsoft for inclusion in its multimedia CD ROM atlas (with information from the 1995-96 edition of Culturgrams, owing to the inherent time lag in producing such a product).
For more information, please contact: Kennedy Center for International Studies, Brigham Young University, 280 Herald R. Clark Building, PO Box 24538, Provo, UT 84602-4538, USA, tel.: 1-800-528-6279; fax: 1-801-378-5882; e-mail: ; http://www.byu.edu/culturgrams or http://fhss.byu.edu/kenncent/publications/culturgrams.html
Mercator-Education in Ljouwert/Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, is one of three centres providing information on minority languages in Europe. Each centre concentrates on a specific theme. The centre in Barcelona, Catalunya, focuses on legislation and the centre in Aberystwyth, Wales, on the media. The three centres form the Mercator Network on minority languages in the European Union and provide information via means such as the Internet (http://www.fa.knaw.nl/uk/mercator/fa-merc.html).
For several years now, Mercator-Education has attempted to achieve one of its principal goals: to gather, store and distribute information on minority language education in the European regions. To date, Mercator-Education has been successful in establishing a computerized data bank containing bibliographic data, information about persons and organizations involved with minority language issues, and data collected during four inventory studies on pre-school education (Goot, Renkema & Stuijt, 1994), primary education (Sikma & Gorter, 1991), learning materials (Tjeerdsma & Sikma, 1994), and teacher training (Dekkers, 1995).
Regional dossiers aim at providing concise descriptive information and basic educational statistics about minority language education in specific region of the European Union. This kind of information, describing the educational system, recent educational policies, division of responsibilities, main actors, legal arrangements, support structures, and also giving quantitative information on the number of schools, teachers, pupils and financial investments, can serve several purposes.
In order to link these regional descriptions with descriptions of national educational systems, it was decided to follow the format used by EURYDICE, the European education information network.
The Frisian language, taught in The Netherlands, has been published recently in the Regional Dossiers Series.
For more information, please contact: Mercator-Education, P.O.Box 54, 8900 AB Ljouwert/Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, tel.: +31 58 2131414; fax: +31 58 2131409; e-mail: email@example.com
Plans and Objectives of the International Cultural Centre Cracow for 1998
The International Cultural Centre (ICC) of Cracow has announced its plans and objectives for 1998, as well as its numerous forthcoming exhibitions, conferences and seminars. Now in its seventh year of activity, the ICC focuses on the integration of research, educational programmes and promotion of European cultural heritage, reflecting the complex view of heritage and dialogue in culture. In cooperation with the Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte of Munich, the ICC is launching a programme of seminars on basic problems of Central European art. For September 1998, the Centre plans an international conference on tourism in historical cities as part of its project on protecting Poland's cultural heritage.
With a new formula for its yearbook, the ICC aims not only to report on the Centre's activities, but increasingly to present a broad range of problems concerning European cultural heritage and its conservation, with special emphasis on the experiences of Central Europe. In its Yearly No. 6, June 1996-May 1997, the ICC presents highlights of the year in a detailed diary of activities and reviews the year's numerous exhibitions, conferences and seminars, as well as the programmes realized in its sub-centre, the College of New Europe, which covered themes of integrated urban and landscape heritage, basic social and cultural problems of new Europe, and the Central European city. The section on Reflections, Impressions, Opinions includes essays on Polish and Central European literature, a historical study of Silesian art, a look at Cracow's artistic milieu around 1900, and a paper on the marketing orientation in the management of historic cities.
For more information, please contact: International Cultural Centre, Rynek Glówny 25, 31-008 Kraków, Poland, tel.: (48 12)21 86 01; fax: (48 12)21 85 71 e-mail: ejpurchl@cyf_kr.edu.pl
Advanced Training Programme for Curators of Contemporary Arts
Contemporary Art in the International Context of Museum and Exhibition
Vienna, June - July 1998
In cooperation with KulturKontakt Austria, the Institut für Kulturwissenschaft (ikw) has issued a call for participation in its third management seminar and workshop entitled Contemporary Art in the International Context of Museum and Exhibition, to be held in Vienna, 26 June - 4 July 1998. Twenty selected participants, museum and exhibition curators and project managers from all over Europe, will deal theoretically as well as practically with methods and problems of exhibiting contemporary art and exchange information about latest developments, thus establishing professional contacts as a basis for international cooperation. The practice-oriented workshop will be concerned with all aspects of planning and financing, and the participants will prepare a fictitious exhibition of contemporary art.
The programme supports the cultural integration of participants from Central and Eastern Europe by promoting dialogue and exchange of views with their colleagues from the EU. International as well as Austrian curators, theorists and management trainers will be invited as lecturers.
The seminar will be held in English and German. The application deadline is 20 April 1998. A diploma will be awarded by the Institut für Kulturwissenschaft (ikw), an international research, training and consultancy centre aiming to contribute to improving the structure, innovation and professionalism in the world of arts and culture, particularly in the field of planning and organizing national and international museums and exhibitions.
For more information, please contact: Christine Haupt-Stummer, Institut für Kulturwissenschaft, Kärtnerstr. 21-23/1/9, 1010 Vienna, Austria, tel.: 43-1-512 85 77; fax: 43-1-512 85 77 4; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; or KulturKontakt Austria, Spittelberggasse 3, 1070 Vienna, Austria.
Resident Scholars Program 1998-1999 of the University of California
The Center for Cultural Studies at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), invites applications from scholars who wish to be in residence for all or part of 1998-1999.
Founded in 1987, the Center is a leader in contemporary Cultural Studies Research. Building on the campus's strong tradition of interdisciplinary scholarship, the Center supports faculty working on cultural theory, comparative history, the study of gender and sexuality, interpretive anthropology and sociology, comparative ethnic studies, film, media and popular culture analysis, and the study of science, technology and society.
The campus, at the edge of a redwood forest on a hillside overlooking Monterey Bay, is spectacularly beautiful. With a distinguished faculty, a mild climate, a small-town ambience, and ready access to airports, urban centers (San Francisco and San Jose), and the other universities' campuses (including Stanford and UC Berkeley), the UCSC is a superb setting in which to pursue research.
Applicants should hold the doctorate or equivalent. Visitors are expected to participate in Center activities while pursuing their own research. The Center offers University affiliation, library, copying and computer facilities, a private office. Regrettably, it cannot provide salary replacement or a stipend.
There is no application form. Applicants should send a CV, an outline of the research project to be undertaken while in residence at the UCSC, and two letters of reference to: The Center for Cultural Studies, Attn : Resident Scholars Program, Oakes College, University College, Santa Cruz - CA 95064 USA, tel.: (408) 459 4899; fax: (408) 459 4979; e-mails: email@example.com
The Long March: Trot, Trot, Mao, Meow
A Thematic Residency
Banff, October - December 1998
The Banff Centre for the Arts, a place for artists and cultural producers, dedicated to lifelong learning and professional career development in the arts, is organizing a Thematic Residency entitled The Long March: Trot, Trot, Mao, Meow - New Materialism and Contemporary Art Practice, to be held between 5 October and 11 December 1998. The 10-week Residency will examine the critical practice and poetics of socially engaged art as we approach the end of the millenium. It offers professional development opportunities to artists exploring contemporary issues and practices, providing studios and facilities for research, experimentation and production of artworks and ideas in media and visual arts. The programme supports creative and critical endeavours, providing access to ceramics, mixed media, computer arts and interactive media, painting, paper media, performance, photography, print media, sculpture, 16mm film editing, television, video, and textiles.
For more information, see http://www.banffcentre.ab.ca/CFAindex.html
Address: The Banff Centre for the Arts, Box 1020 Station 28, 107 Tunnel Mountain Drive, Banff, Alberta, Canada T0L 0C0, tel.: 403-762-6180; fax: 403-762-6345; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
European Summer Academy for Culture and Management in Albania
The Albanian ISCM Centre in Tirana is planning an annual post-graduate training programme for Albanian and international artists and directors. The courses are scheduled for three weeks. The workshops and theory courses are dedicated to topics such as cultural events, management, arts policy, and marketing. Particular attention is paid to cultural cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans.The first Summer Academy has been planned for 1-21 September 1998.
Contact: Sokol Shupo, President, ISCM - Albanian Section, L. 9; Rr. M. Gjollesha, P. 54/II/22 Tirana, Albania, tel./fax: +355 42-37012.
Programme of KulturKontakt Austria for 1998
The World of Arts - Curatorial Studies: Vienna information excursion
Vienna, May 1998
In co-operation with the Institut für Kulturwissenschaft in Vienna and the Soros Centre for Contemporary Arts in Ljubljana
Contemporary Art in the International Context of Museum and Exhibition(See p. 39 in this issue.)
Vienna, 26 June - 4 July 1998
In co-operation with the Institut für Kulturwissenschaft, Vienna
European Summer Academy for Culture and Management
Salzburg, 20 July - 2 August 1998
In co-operation with the ICCM - International Centre for Culture and Management, Salzburg
Publishing and Marketing
Plovdiv, September 1998
In co-operation with Buchmarketing GesmbH, Vienna
Projects and conferences
Assistance to the Bulgarian Ministry of Culture -
Project under the PHARE programme of the European Union
Sofia, April 1998 - 1999
In co-operation with the British Council, Manchester
Expert meeting during the Austrian presidency of the European Union: Cultural Aspects of the European Integration and (East-)Enlargement -
Training and Employment in the Context of Reforms of Public Cultural Administration
Eisenstadt/Graz, 2 - 4 July 1998
In co-operation with the State Secretary for the Arts, European Affairs and Sport and the Federal Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs
Gulliver's Connect - A Placement Programme for Young Arts Practitioners from Central and Eastern Europe (See Culturelink no. 23/November 1997, pp. 25-26.)
East European Countries, February - September 1998
In co-operation with the Gulliver Clearing House, Amsterdam, and the Open Society Institute, Budapest
Gulliver's Connect Meeting
Vienna/Graz, October 1998
In co-operation with the Felix Meritis Foundation, the Gulliver Clearing House, Amsterdam, and the Open Society Institute, Budapest
Workshop during the EFAH-Meeting: Central and Eastern European Artists and Organisations and their Role in European Networks
Vienna, 2 - 5 December 1998
In co-operation with EFAH, Brussels, and IG Kultur Austria
For more information, please contact: KulturKontakt Austria, Office: Cultural Management for Europe, Ulrike Giessner and Eva Müllner, Spittelberggasse 3/8, A-1070 Vienna, Austria, tel.: +43 1 522 91 60; fax: +43 1 522 91 60-14; e-mail: ulrike.giessner@kulturkontakt or http://www.kulturkontakt.or.at/kk
Institut National de l'Audiovisuel (INA) and the European Institute for the Media (EIM)
In January 1998, a cooperation agreement was concluded between the Institut National de l'Audiovisuel (INA), the France-based public institution specialised in audiovisual research and in conservation of archives, and the European Institute for the Media (EIM), a German research institute. The agreement was signed by the President of INA, Mr. Jean-Pierre Teyssier, and the Director-General of EIM, Professor Dr. Bernd-Peter Lange, during the EIM Board of Governors meeting in Düsseldorf.
The purpose of this agreement is to develop cooperation between the research departments in different fields of the media and to stimulate common reflection on the political, economic, legal and socio-cultural developments in the media field.
The cooperation between the two organisations will cover the following areas:
- research activities
- exchange of information between the documentation centres
- Internet services
- the organisation of conferences and seminars.
If you would like to receive more information on this agreement, please contact: The European Institute for the Media, Runar Woldt, Head of Research, Kaistrasse 13, 40221 Düsseldorf, Germany, tel.: +49 211 901040; fax: +49 211 9010456; e-mail: EIM_research@compuserve.com
1998 Europa Nostra Awards
The Europa Nostra Award Scheme was launched in 1978 and it recognises projects which make a distinguished contribution to the conservation and enhancement of Europe's architectural and natural heritage.(See Culturelink no. 23/1997, pp. 21-22.)
Eligible projects include restoration of old buildings, adaptation of old buildings to new uses, preserving their original character, restoration and conservation of parks and gardens as well as preservation of landscape possessing a particular cultural or historic value, and new construction in conservation areas, harmonising sympathetically with the older environment and paying due respect to the environment in areas of outstanding natural beauty. Projects from both the private and the commercial sector and from national, regional and local authorities may be submitted.
Application forms for the 1998 Europa Nostra Awards are available from the Europa Nostra Secretariat. The deadline for entries is 1 June 1998.
For further information, please contact: Marijnke de Jong, Awards Officer.
Address: Europa Nostra Secretariat, Lange Voorhout 35, 2514 EC Den Haag, The Netherlands, tel.: +31 70 3560333; fax: +31 70 3617865.