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Networking in Progress

Culturelink review, no.25/August 1998 - contents - imprint - archive

First Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting of the Culturelink Network

The Second Asia-Pacific Culture Forum and the First Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting of the Culturelink Network (For the establishment of the Asia-Pacific Regional Centre of the Culturelink Network, APRCCN, see Culturelink no. 23/November 1997, pp. 1-2, and no. 24/April 1998, pp. 3-5.), held in Seoul, 10-11 March 1998, brought together participants from Australia, Bangladesh, China, Fiji, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, UNESCO and the Culturelink Network. India, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea were represented by diplomats from their embassies in Seoul. Meetings were hosted by the Korean National Commission for UNESCO.

The Second Asia-Pacific Culture Forum discussed issues of Cultural Development in the New Information Society. The main theme was introduced by Professor Colin Mercer from Australia, whose keynote paper was entitled 'Towards a Global Creative Infrastructure: New Roles for Cultural and Civic Networks and Institutions in the Digital Age'. The author stressed the need to develop national creative infrastructures, which are decisive in establishing global links and entering the new digital age. New technologies expand globally, but their strategic impacts are felt on the local level. On this level they are juxtaposed to traditional values and authentic cultures. The ensuing interaction contributes to the making of global civilization and new cultures. The new creativity is supported by new infrastructures that might be based on libraries and cultural centres. Thus, the self-marginalization of cultural centres might be overcome and the revolutionary effects of interactivity might be achieved on local levels. Mr. Kim Moon-Hwan, President of the Korean Institute for Cultural Policy, explored the concept of cultural information in information society and in the digital age. The universal accessibility and marketing of information have changed cultural policies. The state influences them much less than the private sector. At the same time, cultural policy is moving from arts policy to users' policy. In order to support cultural participation and cultural consumption, education and international cooperation should be strengthened and supported by the state. There are a number of practical issues that should be resolved: how to overcome language and cultural barriers to global communication, how to harmonize technologies, etc. Most of the country representatives described the cultural situation in their respective countries. They stressed the importance of information exchange and offered overviews of the development of informatics in the cultural field. Some elements of cultural policies were discussed and the need to strengthen international cultural cooperation was strongly stressed. The redefinition of cultural identities, issues of cultural pluralism, communication and participation, as well as the evaluation and preservation of cultural heritage and cultural development resources were also discussed, picturing different situations in different Asian cultures and societies.

The First Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting of the Culturelink Network opened with a presentation of projects and activities supporting technological development in the region. The structure and operation of the Culturelink Network was also presented. Processes of regionalization and regional expansion of the Network, as well as the adaptation of information to the regional interests and needs was particularly elaborated. The Asia-Pacific Regional Centre of the Culturelink Network (APRCCN), its structure, activities and the data bases that have been created so far were presented.

The Asian representatives were very much interested in the regional operation and expansion of the Network. It was largely seen as a possible means for a more intensive exchange of information in the region. Besides the exchange of information, this Network may function as a workshop in which particular cultural policies, cultural identities, values, as well as cultural development infrastructures may be discussed. The Network supports the interactivity among cultures and specializes in research focusing on cultural development and cultural change. It is an open and tolerant tool for the exchange of information on issues of interest to cultural development participants, researchers and decision-makers.

Relationships between universalism and standardization of information on the one hand, and particular Asian cultural identities and diversity on the other, were discussed at considerable length. Asian participants shared the opinion that traditional cultures and some traditional values should be maintained. The problem is how to sustain particular identities and how to include them in the context of modern cultures, which should be globally open and communicative, but still authentic. A global sharing of information should be supported, and not a global expansion of one source. In this respect, the exchange of information should be organized so as to link Asian cultures among themselves directly. Indigenous institutions of knowledge should be supported, in order to develop particular cultural sensitivities that correspond to development processes and reflect the interests of the new mass Asian cultures.

The rapid and ambivalent changes of the Asian cultures demand complex, professionally relevant and available responses. Issues of cultural identities, new technologies, marketing of information, cultural infrastructures and cultural legacies were raised in this respect. The Culturelink Network might serve as a useful tool, facilitating the discussion of such issues and the exchange of information on particular aspects of cultural development and change in the Asian countries. It could contribute to the creation of an open and interactive exchange of opinions, experiences, and data among Asian countries, and thus support their international cooperation and contacts, as well as their global links.

To obtain the Report and Recommendations from the Meeting, please contact: Asia-Pacific Regional Centre of the Culturelink Network (APRCCN), Korean National Commission for Unesco, P.O. Box Central 64, Seoul, Korea, tel.: (82 2) 539-0624; fax: (82 2) 567-5118; e-mail: clink@mail.unesco.or.kr

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The Culturelink Network - Regional Options

Nada Svob-Djokic

(The paper was presented at the First Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting of the Culturelink Network by Nada Svob-Djokic, representing the Culturelink focal-point)

The Notion of Regionalism

Regionalism is a twofold notion, reflecting either the idea of a large geographical area divided among a number of states (e.g., Europe, Asia), or a number of smaller functional and geographical entities within one single state. Regional arrangements among states are sometimes perceived as a form of reaction and resistance to global liberalism. The idea of regional integration is closely connected with that of protectionism, trade blocs (See: Bhagwati, J., 'Regionalism and multilateralism: an overview', in De Melo, J. and Panaganya,A. (eds.), The New Regionalism in Trade Policy, Cambridge, CUP, 1993.), regional strongholds opposing the processes dominating the global developments, etc. Sometimes it even implies cultural and communication self-centredness. On the other hand, regionalism is also understood as an improved form of multilateralism and cooperative interaction among the states. Regionalist projects have been promoted as the most potent means of maintaining and managing international cooperation. The contemporary, 'open' or 'new' regionalism facilitates communication and socialization, information sharing, increase in consensual forms of knowledge, and the pooling of resources and collective action (See: Richards, Gareth Api and Kirkpatrick, Colin, Reorienting Inter-regional Cooperation in the Global Political Economy: The Asia-Europe Meeting and Beyond, The Fourteenth Sino-European Conference, Geneva, 23-24 September 1997, p. 5.).

The interaction between the global and the regional is often understood as the source of dominant developmental trends in the world today. That is why Björn Hettne argues that 'globalization and regionalization can be seen as complementary processes, modifying each other, in the formation of a new world order.' (Hettne, Björn, 'The double movement: global market versus regionalism', in Cox, R., ed. The New Realism: Perspectives on Multilateralism and World Order, London, Mcmillan, 1997, p. 225.)

The localization of development processes, being complementary to globalization, requires the identification of a smaller and much more functional unit that does not necessarily imply any kind of interstate arrangements and that is at the same time open to global communication and exchanges. Such a unit is also called a region, representing a part of a country and therefore being a constitutive unit of either a state or a region in that wider sense. Regional development, inter-regional cooperation and exchanges are in this sense very typical of Europe, in which the tradition of neat differences between its different geographical parts, different peoples, cultures and histories is very much pronounced.

It is important to note that regionalism and multilateralism are not confined to just one type of economy or society, and that trade and exchanges, as well as communication, are far from being limited to one or a few particular types, governed by a set of particular regulations. They are diversified, unstandardized and barely controllable, which makes them adaptive to all parts of the world. This explains the 'polymorphous' nature (Dollfus, Olivier, 'Towards a New World Pattern / Vers une nouvelle configuration mondiale', EADI VIIth General Conference, Berlin, 15-18 September 1993, p. 16.) of the contemporary regionalism. Our understanding of polymorphous regionalization may very much depend on the understanding of the term 'region'. When reference is made to a region linking different states, processes of integration are stressed. If relations between different regions within a single country are discussed, then regional specificities may become a distinctive cultural feature that enriches and at the same time disintegrates the notion of national culture. In contrast, differences among the cultures belonging to a given region may stimulate regional cohesion. In any case, the divide between the integrative, or interstate / 'outer', and the potentially disintegrative, or intrastate / 'inner' regionalism has become clearly visible.

For purposes of this analysis, the two aspects of regionalism, 'outer' or interstate and 'inner' or intrastate, should be clearly distinguished. In the case of outer regionalism, regional regulations are compulsory and require a great deal of adjustment and adaptation. They are subject to an interplay of multiple, sometimes vague, economic, political and social interests. In the cultural field, they demand the observance of a certain standard of communication and exchange (often defined by the requirements of new technologies), as well as the acceptance of common goals of cultural development (e.g., the acceptance of 'Europeanism' of the European cultures, etc.).

Regionalism cannot be confined to the economic and trade sphere only; it influences the whole system of values, and that is why it is extremely vulnerable. In the process of harmonization of interests of the subjects of regional integration, the display of differences cannot be avoided, particularly where cultural differences are concerned. Moreover, differences need to be respected and tolerated.

Inner regionalism, on the contrary, represents the affirmation of differences, and therefore avoids harmonization. The emphasis is on the identification of particular interests and on interest-based cooperation and exchange that promote local values and cultures through international cooperation.

Cultures and Regions

Regionalization is a new phenomenon affecting cultures. If regionalism has reshaped the contemporary world, it has reshaped cultures as well. This applies primarily to the type of communication and exchange of information, but also to cultural development and redefinition of cultural and social values.

The redefinition of cultural values is a dynamic process and it stands for cultural identity formation. Defining cultural identity presupposes the existence of relatively stable and consistent cultural values which might provide a general framework for individual and group identification. At the time of intense changes and transformations, the consistent cultural framework is missed, and the testing of values leads to reinvention of new cultural identities. To a certain point, the process of formation of new cultural identities is very much influenced by the processes of globalization and regionalization.

The most visible aspects of the contemporary cultural change are processes of deconstruction of the corporate/integrative cultures, revival of ethnicity/nationality and reappearance of multiple identities.

The corporate/integrative cultures represented the concept of national culture in multinational societies and states. They also stood for the interlinked systemic values that were constructed and built out of particular ethnic or national values merged together under the influence of intense industrialization processes. They are being deconstructed now both in the post-industrialized and post-socialist societies, while the ethnic and original national and religious values are re-emerging. This recreates again the context of multiple cultural identities where both the levels of global cultural values and revival of local cultural values may be identified.

Cultural regionalization develops logically in such a context. On the outer-regional level it provides for regional identification through which cultures are not urged to reject local, ethnic or any other specific characteristics, although they enter a wider communication and development space. On the inner-regional level, cultural identities are localized, supporting the individual and the unique in culture.

It seems to be the only way in which economic and political integration maintains and encourages cultural diversity (See: Bekemans, Léonce, ed. Culture: Building Stone for Europe 2002, Reflections and Perspectives, Brussels, European University Press, 1994, p. 15.). Communication and exchange of cultural values are growing. New technologies are ever more present and important in cultural development. New creative areas are being invented and opened up mainly by cultural industries. All these developments do not necessarily destroy cultural heritage and authentic values. On the contrary, these are attracting more attention and becoming the source of interest and inspiration. The coexistence of local and global, old and new, authentic and borrowed is inbuilt in reinterpretation and reinvention of cultural identities.

The polymorphous structure of regions and the concentration of diversities in geographical spaces and human conglomerates, as well as in all areas of human creativity, characterize the contemporary world. Attempts at homogenization which have often resulted in painful disruptions are giving way to the world that consists indeed of many worlds (Knutsson, Karl Eric, 'Social Field and Cultural Constellations: Reflections on Some Aspects of Globalization', in: The Cultural Dimensions of Global Change, ed. by Lourdes Arizpe, UNESCO, Paris, 1996, p. 114.) interlinked by exchange and communication. To such a diverse world and to its ever more intense communication the Culturelink Network is contributing actively by making efforts to expand on the regional levels as much as possible.

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Web Art Garden

An Intercultural Network

Web Art Garden (WAG) is a growing intercultural network whose members come from some 16 countries as equal partners. Its purpose is to provide a catalyst for the dialogue of cultural expressions and values in all their diversity, across national borders. Projects initiated by WAG foster international contacts at grass-roots level and creative collaborations contribute to better international understanding.

WAG is an independent, non-profit, non-political organization whose aims coincide in many respects with the philosophy expressed in the UNESCO report Our Creative Diversity. It has its offices in Europe, Asia, Latin America, Australia and the USA, which organize, stimulate and coordinate events within their areas.

The concern for cultural, environmental and educational issues gives a broad and informed practical base for WAG's activities, which include theatre, dance, ritual, poetry, sculpture, film, video, music, photography, installations, visual art, festivals and exhibitions.

WAG UK is the organizer of the ACE 1999 project (Art, Culture, Environment), which will culminate in a multitude of cultural events throughout the world offered in recognition of the World Environment Day, 5 June.

For further information, please contact: Web Art Garden, Office UK, ACE Project 1999, 46C Montpellier Spa Rd., Cheltenham, Glos. GL50 1UL, United Kingdom, tel./fax: +44 1242 578033; e-mail: sdreeve@slo.mega.net.id

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The UNESCO Network of Associated Libraries (UNAL)

The UNESCO Network of Associated Libraries (UNAL) was launched in 1990 with the aim of bringing together a group of libraries from all over the world willing to work in association with UNESCO or through cooperative arrangements between themselves in order to foster international understanding, promote the dialogue between cultures, spread knowledge of minority cultures, and pursue some of UNESCO's main goals (i. e., promotion of peace and human rights, fight against illiteracy, protection of the environment, etc.).

An Associated Library is a library which is open to the public at large and wishes to undertake activities in favour of an inter-cultural dialogue and collaborate with libraries in other countries.

Possible activities include preparation of various exhibitions, literary events, debates and discussions, seminars, exchange of material, information or personnel between libraries.

For more information, please contact: Coordinator of UNAL, Division of Information, UNESCO, 1 rue Miollis, 75732 Paris Cedex 15, France, tel.: +33145 68 44 97; fax: +33145 68 55 83; e-mail: j.springer@unesco.org

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El Universo Audiovisual del Niño Latinoamericano

The network El Universo Audiovisual del Niño Latinoamericano (Red UNIAL/Club UNESCO) is an association of volunteers from various institutions throughout Europe and Latin America who aim to develop an audiovisual educational project which will respect the creativity, liberty and freedom of expression of children and young people. Created in 1988 as part of the Festivales Internacionales del Nuevo Cine Latinoamericano, the association deals with problems related to the production and distribution of audiovisual materials for children and young people. Based on the research into the reception and use of the communication media by children and young people, ten Meetings of the Audiovisual Universe of the Latin American Child have been held so far. Offering a forum for professional exchange, they focused on the characteristics of programmes created for children and young people, as well as on the impact of new communication and information technology and communication education.

The programme, developed at the Research Department of the Instituto Cubano de Arte e Industria Cinematografica (ICAIC), covers research, training, production, dissemination and professional exchange.

The objective of the training activities is to form an interdisciplinary work group whose task will be to elaborate a communication education training programme for educators and social workers, as well as to organize workshops and seminars on psychological, pedagogical, sociological, technical and other aspects of audiovisual education. Also, since 1995, the Network runs international post-graduate courses on El Niño y la Imagen (The Child and the Image), focusing on new information and communication technologies in the education of children, and covering various aspects of audiovisual communication education. Finally, a campaign is planned, aiming to promote social communication through the publication and dissemination of educational materials.

The latest Meeting of El Universo Audiovisual del Niño Latinoamericano, held in December 1997, discussed topics concerning television and new information and communication technologies in education, as well as ethics and communication, looking at children's rights in the media.

For more information, please contact: Red UNIAL/Club UNESCO, Calle 23 No. 1155, entre 10 y 12, Vedado, Ciudad Habana, Cuba, tel.: 30 50 41 ext. 248, 30 90 67; e-mail: sitcine@ceniai.inf.cu, agarcia@unicef.org

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Pan African Booksellers Association

Following the 1997 Zimbabwe International Book Fair in Harare (See Culturelink no. 21/April 1997, p. 65.), a group of associations and booksellers from 16 countries resolved to form a Pan African Booksellers Association. Among the objectives of the new association, the following were cited:

  • to undertake a survey of training needs in African bookselling;
  • to create a network of booksellers in Africa and thereby collect data and disseminate information to member countries;
  • to promote and develop international co-operation within the industry;
  • to organise training workshops for all, and especially emergent, booksellers;
  • to help rationalise procedures used in the trade;
  • to focus on and encourage a culture of reading in Africa;
  • to assist wherever possible countries that have problems with, e.g., VAT, Sales Tax, Publisher discounts, Tenders, etc.

The Association is constituted with a very strict code of ethics and is in the process of being registered in Harare. The founding committee is seeking advice from all role players and looking for funds in order to pursue the goals that have been set.

The committee stands as follows: Mr. Gert Naude, Chairman, PO Box 5197, Cape Town 8000, South Africa, tel.: +27 21 406 30144; fax: +27 21 406 2922; e-mail: gnaude@nbh.naspers.co.za

Mr. Moses Samkange, Hon. Secretary, PO Box 89691, Lyndhurts 2106, South Africa, tel.: +27 11 882 6535; fax: +27 11 882 3842; e-mail: bookonly@iafrica.com

Mr. Maxwell Nyamangara, Hon. Treasurer, PO Box 3916, Harare, Zimbabwe, tel.: +263 4 750282.

(Source: Partners in African Publishing, no. 11/Winter 1997/98)

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Association for Cultural Economics International (ACEI)

Founded in 1973, the Association for Cultural Economics International (ACEI) is a scientific society whose members are academic scholars, government officials, cultural policy makers and planners, arts managers, industry workers, artists and others interested in the economic aspects of arts and culture around the world. Since 1979, the Association has regularly organized its biannual International Conference on Cultural Economics. It also collaborates with other national and international institutions in the organization of specialized thematic meetings and seminars, and publishes the quarterly Journal of Cultural Economics and a semiannual Newsletter. Cultural economics is gaining increasing attention as policy makers seek guidance, administrators look for more efficient forms of organization, and scholars discover that the issues of cultural economics are applicable to a wide range of topics in modern society.

The Association held its Tenth International Conference on Cultural Economics in Barcelona, Spain, in June 1998, discussing the economic dimension of contemporary cultural life and presenting the latest research results regarding the production and distribution of cultural goods. The Conference focused on the economic impact of the internationalisation of cultural markets, as well as the changing mechanisms of public subsidies in the cultural sector of welfare states.

For more information, please contact: Association for Cultural Economics International (ACEI), Prof. Neil O. Alper, ACEI Secretary-Treasurer, Department of Economics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA; tel.: 1-617-3732839; fax: 1-617-3733640; e-mail: acei@neu.edu; WWW: http://www.dac.neu.edu/economics/n.alper/acei/index.htm

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International Society for Music Education (ISME)

The International Society for Music Education (ISME) is the leading international network of music educators which develops and supports music education and music educators throughout the world. It has seven international Commissions, each with six expert members. Their task is to gather, collate and disseminate information on developments in music education in their specialized fields. They hold seminars, produce publications and have special sessions at ISME International Conferences.

The Commissions are the following: Commission for Early Childhood Music Education; Commission for Music in Schools and Teacher Education; Commission for the Education of the Professional Musician; Commission for Music in Special Education, Music Therapy and Music Medicine; Commission for Community Music Activity; Commission for Music in Cultural, Educational and Mass Media Policies; Research Commission.

Since 1953, ISME organizes conferences; this year, 1998, in Pretoria, South Africa, and in 2000 in Edmonton, Canada.

Besides its regular publications International Journal of Music Education (IJME) and ISME Newsletter, ISME issues its Conference Proceedings, Yearbooks, Commission publications, and some special publications such as commemorative collections of essays.

For more information, please contact: ISME Secretariat, Elizabeth Smith, ICRME University of Reading, Bulmershe Court, Reading RG6 1HY, United Kingdom, tel./fax: +44 118 931 8846; e-mail: e.smith@reading.ac.uk

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Jeunesses Musicales International (JMI) Network

The Jeunesses Musicales International (JMI) Network is the worldwide network for youth and music. For more than 50 years it has been spreading the message of friendship and understanding by providing young people with a broader access to music, both as performers and listeners. In each of the countries involved around the globe, the JMI serves the specific needs of young people committed to a wide array of musical styles.

The world of Jeunesses Musicales consists of a total audience of 5 million people; 45,000 events annually - concerts, festivals, camps, workshops, competitions, discussion groups, orchestras and choirs; information services to 500,000 members and others; commitment of 170 professionals and 5,400 volunteers.

The JMI Secretariat, located in Brussels' Palais des Beaux-Arts, is the focal point of the JMI network. The Secretariat coordinates worldwide communications and the JMI international programmes.

JM World Orchestra

Since its creation in 1970 as the only worldwide orchestra for young musicians, the Jeunesses Musicales World Orchestra has been offering a unique experience to young instrumentalists and audiences alike - 'A United Nations of music'.

World Youth Choir

The World Youth Choir brings together talented young singers representing the world's rich and varied choral traditions. It continues to build a reputation for uncompromising artistic standards and innovative approaches to mainstream choir repertoire as well as contemporary and traditional pieces.

Music Crossroads

A meeting point for young music lovers, where young musicians and audiences can play, listen and learn from other musical styles and cultures. First conceived in France in 1982, Music Crossroads festivals/competitions have ever since been organised throughout the world of Jeunesses Musicales, offering performance opportunities to a total of 40,000 young musicians annually in all styles of music - classical music, rock, jazz, traditional music, pop, etc.

For more information, please contact: Secrétariat Général, Palais des Beaux-Arts, 10, rue Royale, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgique, tel.: 32-2-513 97 74; fax: 32-2-514 47 55; e-mail: fijm@arcadis.be

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Jeunesses Musicales of Croatia

The Jeunesses Musicales of Croatia (JMC) is an association of the young and for the young in the field of culture, founded in 1954. It is a member of the F‚d‚ration Internationale des Jeunesses Musicales, FIJM, and of the Jeunesses Musicales Europe, JME. Over the years, the JMC has attracted thousands of young people, including also a great number of young musicians, both composers and performers.

It is noteworthy that the JMC begins its activities already in the kindergarten, then continues its work in elementary and secondary schools and in higher education. Theatrical and musical performances are organised with special regard for young performers.

In any given year, the JMC Secretariat and the JMC branches all over Croatia organize more than 2,000 performances. The JMC's activities are realised through different types of programmes: short forms, 'Let's take a train to the opera', public concerts, JMC's concerts and theatre performances cycle, 'Young musicians for the young audience', JMC's activities of international scope (JM World Orchestra, Mediterranean Orchestra, JM World Choir, Ethno).

One of the most important and most significant parts of the organisation's activity is the Jeunesses Musicales of Croatia International Cultural Centre in Gro`njan, the realisation of an idea conceived as far back as 1969. The Programme of the JMC ICC in Gro`njan can be divided into several groups: music projects (master classes for different instruments, orchestral work, chamber music ensembles, choirs), non-music projects (dance, theatre, comics, film, architecture, ethnology, journalism), other programmes (guest ensembles and orchestras, seminars), and concerts.

For more information, please contact: JMC, Trg Stjepana Radica 4, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia, tel.: +385 1 539 299; fax: +385 1 539 922.

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Centre for the Study of Cultural Policy

University of Warwick

Research and Teaching

The Centre for the Study of Cultural Policy, School of Theatre Studies, University of Warwick, provides a focus for teaching and research in the field of cultural policy and administration. It has close links with a wide range of cultural institutions and industries, particularly those which are themselves professionally involved in research. It is thus part of an international research network, which offers opportunities to both staff and students. In 1995, it established a Research Partnership with the West Midlands Arts Board, with the aim of advancing knowledge in cultural policy from a regional perspective.

The Centre offers opportunities for higher research in cultural policy, leading to the award of MPhil and PhD degrees. Current doctoral research includes:

  • Post-Communism, Cultural Policy and the Arts in the Former GDR;
  • Cultural Diplomacy and Cultural Policy: The Growth of Bilateral and Multilateral Cultural Co-operation and its Impact on National Policies in the Arts and Culture;
  • The Impact of Cultural Policy on Artists' Working Conditions after German Unification;
  • Creating Cultural Policy: An Investigation of the Dynamics between Arts Organisations, Funders, and Government.

The Centre also offers a taught Masters course in European Cultural Policy and Administration, which is designed for students seeking or developing administrative careers within a broadly-defined cultural sector. This includes the cultural industries of broadcasting, film, publishing and recording, as well as the live performing arts, museums and heritage. The perspective of the course is international, but with a particular focus on the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Sweden, and the Netherlands. The degree is designed to be of value both to those who are at the start of their careers and to those whose careers are advanced and who wish to reflect upon the implications of their work.

Centre Publications List

Current titles available are the following:

  • Planning for Equality? Decentralisation in Cultural Policy, by Nobuko Kawashima. Price £10.00.
  • Cultural Policy and the Crisis of Legitimacy: Entrepreneurial Answers in the United Kingdom, by Oliver Bennett. Price £10.00.
  • Cultural Policy and Management in the United Kingdom. Proceedings of an International Symposium at the University of Warwick, 16-18 September 1994. Price £10.00.
  • Arts Administration: A select bibliography. 6th edition, by Richard Perkins. Price £15.00.
  • European Cultural Policy and Administration: A select bibliography. 6th edition, by Richard Perkins. Price £15.00.

For more details on the publications, please contact: Kate Brennan, Centre for the Study of Cultural Policy, School of Theatre Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, United Kingdom, tel.: +44 (0) 1203 523 020; fax: +44 (0) 1203 524 446; e-mail: c.brennan@warwick.ac.uk

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The Korea Cultural Policy Institute

The Korea Cultural Policy Institute was established in 1994 as an affiliate organization of the Ministry of Culture and Sports. Its main aim is to present policy suggestions in order to enhance the quality of cultural life and promote cultural welfare of the Korean people. The Institute operates under a board of trustees and a research advisory committee, and it has three departments: research department, planning department, and general management department.

The research has so far been concentrated on cultural welfare, cultural industries, international cultural exchanges, cultural development of local areas, cultural programmes, cultural management and long-term policies, and cultural policies for the unification of Korea. Particular attention has been paid to cultural statistics and surveys and to the organization of specialized seminars, for instance, the seminar on public hearings on long term cultural projects for the twenty-first century, or the seminar on cultural policies in Korea and France.

The Institute's publications appear usually in the Korean language. They include the following series: Policy Reports ('94-'96), Statistics on Arts and Culture, Cultural Policy Journal (yearly), Cultural Policy Forum (occasional), Study on North Korean Culture, Cultural Cities/Cultural Welfare (biweekly), Korean Cultural Policy Institute Newsletter (bimonthly).

Contact: Korea Cultural Policy Institute, Planning Department Manager, Seoul Arts Center Building, 700 Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, Korea 137-070, tel.: (82 2) 597-9326/7; fax: (82 2) 583-8393; e-mail: kcpi02@chollian.dacim.co.kr

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The Russian Institute for Cultural Research

The Russian Institute for Cultural Research was established in 1932 as the Central Scientific Institute for Regional Studies. It was renamed in 1992 and is currently under the authority of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation and the Russian Academy of Science. A Siberian Branch of the Institute was established in Omsk, in 1991, and the St.Petersburg Department was opened in 1997.

The Institute has the following departments:

  • Social and Cultural Anthropology Department - including sub-divisions for fundamental cultural research, cultural policy, cultural economics and management, ethnic and cultural anthropology, cultural problems in education, and modern popular culture;
  • Department for the History of Culture - covering monument codes, museum design, history of the Russian diaspora culture, preservation of cultural monuments;
  • Department of the Humanities - with sub-divisions for the theory of art, regional cultural development programming, philosophy of culture, cultural habitat, humanitarian and psychological problems of modern culture, audio-visual anthropology, and multimedia.

The main research topics studied at the Institute include theory and philosophy of culture and the arts, cultural dynamics, social and cultural problems of Russia in the light of modernization and its regional consequences, theoretical and applied research in cultural policies, museology and museum research, preservation and use of historical monuments, culture of the Russian diaspora, and new technologies in the cultural field. The Institute also runs general services of scientific information and documentation, international cooperation, postgraduate training, and publishing. The Higher School for Cultural Studies is based upon a regular academic programme in culture and arts, covering the theory of culture and arts, history of culture, museology, preservation of historical and cultural monuments, and applied cultural research.

The Russian Institute for Cultural Research cooperates with foreign research institutions and international organizations, preparing scientific conferences and participating in international research projects, such as the Comparative Charting of Social Change project.

For more information, please contact: Russian Institute for Cultural Research, 20 Bersenevskaya nab., 109072 Moscow, Russia, tel.: 7 (095) 959 09 08 fax: 7 (095) 959 10 17; e-mail: postmaster@riku.msk.su

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Danish Cultural Institute

Established in 1940, the Danish Cultural Institute is an independent, self-governing institution, receiving an annual grant from the Ministry of Culture. Funding for individual projects is sought from foundations and business sponsors, as well as local government bodies in Denmark and partner countries. The mission of the Danish Cultural Institute is to promote and disseminate information and publications on Denmark and to further international cultural exchange programmes, such as Job-Swap, an international in-service training scheme for administrators, educational and social workers, etc. The Danish Cultural Institute provides information and facilitates contacts between Denmark and other countries, initiating or assisting international cultural projects, such as exhibitions, concert tours, lectures and exchange programmes. The Institute offers study tours and seminars tailored to meet the requirements of participating politicians, officials, journalists and professional groups.

For more information, please contact: The Danish Cultural Institute, Kultorvet 2, 1175 København K, Denmark, tel.: (+45) 33 13 54 48; fax: (+45) 33 15 10 91; e-mail: dancult@cultur.dk; WWW: http://www.kulturnet.dk/homes/dki/

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International Centre for Cultural Development

The International Centre for Cultural Development (ICCD), an Indo-Dutch Art & Ayurveda Centre, member of Res Artis (the International Association of Residential Arts Centres), is a charitable foundation, offering artists in all disciplines, as well as scientists doing cultural research, a residency of up to one year. Located in the capital city of the Southern Indian state of Kerala and accommodating a maximum of eight artists, the ICCD's studios offer an opportunity of working with local craftsmen. Multidisciplinary research, diploma and certificate courses in Ayurvedic treatments are offered, as are regular workshops, symposiums and lectures on tribal and folk art.

For more information, please contact: Cornelis Peters, International Centre for Cultural Development, Indo-Dutch Art & Ayurveda Centre, T.C. 31/1719, Anayara PO, Thiruvananthapuram 695029, Kerala, India South, tel.: +91-(0)471-465368/531723; fax: +91-(0)471-333612/333614; e-mail: iccdin@md2.vsnl.net.in

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German Foundation for International Development (DSE)

The Deutsche Stiftung für internationale Entwicklung - DSE (German Foundation for International Development) provides a forum for development policy dialogue and offers initial and advanced training for specialists and executive personnel from developing countries and countries in transition. In addition, it supports experts of German technical and cultural cooperation in their preparation for assignments in developing countries, and maintains the largest documentation and information centre on development cooperation issues in Germany. Through conferences, meetings, seminars and training courses, the DSE supports projects which serve economic, social, and ecologically compatible development, thus contributing to an effective, sustainable and wide-ranging development.

Since its foundation in 1959, the DSE has been jointly financed by the German Federal Government and the Federal States. Each year more than 10,000 participants take part in the DSE's dialogue and training programmes.

The DSE has a decentralized structure with specialized departments (Centres) and conference centres, which include, among others:

  • Education, Science and Documentation Centre (ZED) - contributing to a sustainable and broadly effective development process by promoting educational systems through dialogue and training programmes supporting education for all;
  • Economic and Social Development Centre (ZWS) - accompanying and supporting the clearly emerging approaches to economic reforms in the developing countries;
  • Area Orientation Centre (ZA) - preparing persons from development cooperation organizations who plan to work abroad;
  • Food and Agriculture Development Centre (ZEL) - ensuring sustainable food security and poverty control, as well as a closer integration of the rural population into the economic and social development processes through self-help and participation, programme-, subject- and workplace-oriented management, resource conservation and environmental protection;
  • Public Health Promotion Centre (ZG) - supporting health authorities in developing countries to implement the concept of primary health care; and
  • Documentation, Press and Public Relations Centre (ZD) - collecting, analyzing and disseminating specialized scientific and task-specific information on development policy and developing countries; the ZD serves as the National Clearinghouse for information on development cooperation.

The DSE's advanced training events, planned together with partner institutions in the developing countries and countries in transition, include the following:

  • short-term programmes lasting up to three months in Germany or abroad, for instance, seminars or training courses for middle management specialists and multipliers, international meetings or expert discussions for high-ranking executives and political decision-makers, as well as scholarships for congress trips to take part in the North-South exchange of experience;
  • long-term programmes lasting between three and 24 months in Germany and developing countries, focusing on practical professional advanced training, offered as part of the Federal government's scholarship programme to specialists and executives in the governmental and non-governmental sectors of Third World countries.

In its Annual Report 1996, available in English and German, the DSE reviews and evaluates all of its programmes and events. The Foundation also runs the on-line bibliographic database LITDOK, offering information on literature from all areas of development cooperation.

It is accessible at http://star-www.dse.de:8080/database.htm

Contact: German Foundation for International Development (DSE), Public Relations, Andreas Baaden, Hans-Böckler-Strasse 5, 53225 Bonn, Germany, tel.: ++49-228 4001-0; fax: ++49-228 4001-11; e-mail: dse@dse.de; WWW: http://www.dse.de/

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Fundaçao Mário Soares

The Fundaçao Mário Soares was established in 1991 as a private non-profit institution. Closely linked to the former President of Portugal, Mário Soares, the Foundation organises, promotes and sponsors cultural, scientific and educational activities in the fields of human rights, political science and international relations.One of its main objectives in the preservation and compilation of the Mário Soares Archives and their gradual opening to public consultation by researchers. The Mário Soares Archives constitute a significant collection of documents important for the study of Portuguese history of the twentieth century in the European, African and world contexts. The Archives also contain other private collections, donated or made available by well-known members of the resistance to the dictatorship, which are relevant to the study of Portugal's contemporary history, as well as videos, tapes and photographs.

The Centre for Contemporary History of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa is involved in the establishment of the Mário Soares Archives.

The Mário Soares Foundation intends to organise, promote and sponsor research projects, publication of essays, editorial activities, political and civic educational projects, debates, conferences, courses and seminars on political science and present day issues. It will pay particular attention to cultural promotion and awareness raising activities aimed at young people and immigrant workers and students in Portugal.

Another area that the Foundation intends to promote is the development of European studies, considering this new period in the construction of Europe and Portugal's participation in the European Union. In this context, it will provide study grants and award prizes, such as the current independently funded 'Mário Soares Prize for European Studies'.

The Foundation will have as one of its priorities the promotion of the cultural, scientific and civic co-operation between Portugal and the Portuguese speaking African countries, as well as Brazil, Macau and East Timor.

For more information, please contact: Mário Soares Foundation, Rua de S. Bento 176, 1200 Lisboa, Portugal, tel.: (351 1) 396 41 79; fax: (351 1) 396 41 56.