A Guide for Country Profiles
Cultural Policies in Europe: A Compendium of Basic Facts and Trends
Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 2001, 30 pp.
Cultural Policies in Europe: A Compendium of Basic Facts and Trends is a transnational project initiated by the Council of Europe's Culture Committee and Secretariat. It has been running since 1998 as a joint venture with the European Research Institute for Comparative Cultural Policy and the Arts (ERICarts). It is an on-line and off-line information system providing easy access to data, facts, trends and summaries of current debates on national cultural policy in Europe.
Cultural policies in Europe has been updated: six more countries (Albania, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Hungary, Switzerland, Liechtenstein) have been added, bringing the total to 20 country profiles.
The updated country profiles will be published in autumn 2001 at: http://www.culturalpolicies.net
For more information, please contact: Council of Europe, Cultural Policies Research and Development Unit, F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex, France; fax: +33 3 88 41 37 82; http://www.culture.coe.int; http://www.culturalpolicies.net
Cultural Policies in Europe
The training series is based on the work of the Council of Europe on cultural policies and gives, in four publications, the necessary elements to understand the progressive constitution of public policies during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as their recent evolution in view of new challenges.
A Didactic work tool - With a view to enabling the reader to go back and forth between theory and practice, between the general assessment and the concrete example, each publication follows an identical organisational outline:
- a global introductory text outlining the issues;
- an appendix regrouping extracts from the Council of Europe studies.
A Comparative approach (1998) - How to evaluate the content and the evolution of national cultural policies in Europe? What are the parameters to compare countries with each other? Six criteria were retained and applied to eight countries (Austria, Estonia, Finland, France, Italy, Netherlands, Russia, Sweden) which were involved, when the publication was drawn up, in a review of their national cultural policies under the aegis of the Council of Europe. Though the existing, non-harmonised statistics do not lend themselves to comparison, the approach and the qualitative data make the exercise interesting.
Method and practice of evaluation (1999) - Assessment is one of the main issues concerning public policies. The publication proposes to the actors concerned with the design and implementation of a cultural policy some concrete elements in terms of help in decision-making, as well as methodological and political precautions to take in the conducting of assessments. It proposes, also, a method of formalisation of data resulting from a cultural policy review in order to provide 'models'.
Regions and cultural decentralisation (2000) - Increasing decentralisation and regionalisation that characterise the European geopolitical structure prompt consideration of interaction between culture and regions. This third publication gives an overview of regional issues in cultural policies and highlights the variety and sometimes diversity of cultural policies in the European regions. The proposed reading grid deals with four dimensions: the significance of the regional level, the autonomy of regional authorities, cultural regional dynamics, and devolution (or functional decentralisation) of cultural state administrations.
Local issues (2001) - The importance of culture in local life in Europe today raises a fundamental question: how to rethink culture in world cities and conurbations confronted with the formation of transnational communities, with globalisation and possible deterioration, due to new technologies, of the traditional role of 'centrality' that the city plays? To reply to this question, the publication deals with the local cultural choices which show that economic, social and educational issues, not specifically related to the cultural field, are taken into account more and more often and that they result in an 'instrumentalisation' of culture, i.e., its integration in the wider vision of local sustainable development.
The authors, Mario d'Angelo and Paul Vesperini, are experts in the cultural and audio-visual sectors and collaborate since 1990 with the association Idée Europe (Paris, France). In this framework, they carry out studies and training for international bodies, ministries, territorial authorities and companies.
For more information, please contact: Council of Europe Publishing, FR - 67075 Strasbourg Cedex, France, tel.: +33 (0)3 88 41 25 81; fax: +33 (0)3 88 41 39 10; e-mail: http://book.coe.int
Media and Intercultural Communication in Europe
by Rossen Milev
Cultural Policies Research and Development Unit, Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 2000, 65 pp., DGIV/CULT/POL-urd (2000) 4
As the European intercultural communication is undergoing rapid transformations owing to technological and socio-political change, the Cultural Policies Research and Development Unit of the Council of Europe's Cultural Policy and Action Department has published Rossen Milev's study Media and Intercultural Communication in Europe, discussing historical origins and traditions of intercultural communication and reviewing their theoretical aspects and practical implications. Current and future developments in the field are analyzed, and a series of recommendations are given for continued progress in the European cultural exchange and communication.