home > publications > review > no.39 > research  

Research and Programmes

Culturelink review, no.39/April 2003 - contents - imprint - archive

Culture-Gates: Cultural Industries in Europe

The European Research Institute for Comparative Cultural Policy and the Arts (ERICarts) has initiated a transnational research project in co-operation with Finn-EKVIT (Helsinki), Mediacult (Vienna) and the Observatorio das Actividades Culturais (Lisboa) to investigate the gate-keeping systems in the cultural labour markets and the impact that gatekeepers have on the career development of women working in the arts and media professions after they leave school.

One of the most dynamic sectors of the labour market is the culture industries. Studies have shown that this sector has been expanding at a rate near to or beyond the overall growth of some national or regional economies, and it is expected that employment rates will double in the next ten years. The fields which make up this sector, including everything from visual or performing arts to multimedia production, have been heralded as ones which can secure sustainable employment, reinforce endogenous regional potentials, and shape the future through high levels of creativity and innovation via a market in which the majority of goods and services are non-substitutable.

One of the reasons for its exponential growth over the last twenty years has been the increase in the number of women working in various professional fields. Recent transnational empirical studies have indicated, however, that women's representation in various occupations and at different stages of cultural production can range from under 10% (e.g., in some of the musical professions) to over 60% in fields which are today deemed 'feminised'.

For more information, please visit: http://www.ericarts.org

return to top of page

Cultural Information System in the Baltic Sea Region

The municipality of Klaipeda (Lithuania) has implemented the PHARE-funded project on the Cultural Information System for Tourism Development. The project's aim is to develop the cultural information system and Internet interface which covers the most topical information on cultural institutions in Klaipeda (Lithuania) and Liepaja (Latvia), the two project partners, as well as information on cultural events, places of interest and cultural life.

The Cultural Information System is integrated into the general GIS of Klaipeda City, so that information can also be displayed on the city map. All information is provided in English, German and Lithuanian.

The Cultural Information System is free and is easy to use. Any cultural institution is welcome to register, present its activities and indicate its location on the map.

The Cultural Information System for Tourism Development project goes hand in hand with another PHARE-funded project, The Information System for SME's of the Baltic Sea Region, aiming to develop analogous information system for enterprises, which is also integrated into the general GIS of Klaipeda City.

The two systems have a common name, the Information System for the Baltic Sea Region, to be found on the following website: http://www.gis.klaipeda.lt/

If you wish to present your institution to the public in the Baltic Sea Region or if you simply take an interest in the cultural institutions in Klaipeda and/or Liepaja, as well as in the artists, publications, places of interest, or schedules of upcoming cultural events, please contact: The Administrator of the Cultural Information System at menininku-namai@takas.lt

return to top of page

Changing the Beat: A Study of the Worklife of Jazz Musicians

The National Endowment for the Arts has released survey results suggesting that jazz musicians are largely male, middle-aged and well-educated, but they make less money than the national average for their education level and many lack retirement and health coverage. Changing the Beat: A Study of the Worklife of Jazz Musicians, produced in conjunction with the Research Center for Arts and Culture and the San Francisco Study Center, surveyed about 2,700 jazz musicians located in New York, Detroit, San Francisco and New Orleans.

The study found that jazz musicians tend to be male and well-educated, with about 45 per cent holding a bachelor's degree or higher. The income range most often selected was $20,000-40,000, a considerably lower salary than that claimed by men with the same education levels in other professions. (The National Center for Education Statistics reports that the national average income is $52,985 for men with a bachelor's degree and $66,243 for men with higher-level degrees.) Among the jazz musicians surveyed who have received grants or fellowships during their careers, 90 per cent received $5,000 or less. The survey also addressed other aspects of jazz careers. For instance, the most commonly listed primary instruments were the piano and drums. Also, the respondents considered talent the most important quality needed for pursuing a career in jazz.

To compensate for the difficulties involved in identifying jazz musicians, survey targets were chosen from a random sampling of members of the American Federation of Musicians (AFM) and by Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS), a chain-referral method that included both union and non-union musicians. Of the AFM respondents, 85 per cent reported being employed full-time in the music business, compared to only 55 per cent of the RDS musicians. More than three-fourths of AFM respondents reported having at least one retirement plan and over 80 per cent of them had health coverage. In the RDS group, 57 per cent had no retirement plan and only 43 per cent had health coverage.

The jazz musicians surveyed were also asked for suggestions to ensure the survival of jazz and improve the ability of musicians to work in the jazz field. Some of the suggestions related to the musicians' general well-being, such as having access to affordable health insurance and medical care, pensions and emergency relief funds for musicians who are ill or aging. The interviewees also saw education as an important component in the preservation of jazz, from education of schoolchildren through classes and performances, to education of musicians in business practices to help them manage their own careers. The respondents also asked for more grant money from foundations and the National Endowment for the Arts to support recordings, performances and concept development. In addition, they suggested standardized club fees, tax breaks for providing free public performances and more Internet-based resources for jazz musicians.

Changing the Beat was conducted by the Research Center for Arts and Culture at Columbia University Teachers College under a cooperative agreement with the National Endowment for the Arts and the San Francisco Study Center. The survey was supported by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Grammy Foundation, the American Federation of Musicians, the American Federation of Musicians Local 802, the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Foundation, and the Nathan Cummings Foundation.

For more information, please contact the NEA Office of Communications at 202-682-5570 or visit the NEA website at http://www.arts.gov

A pdf can be accessed at http://www.tc.columbia.edu/centers/rcac and free hard copies can be obtained by emailing to rcac@columbia.edu or writing to: Professor Joan Jeffri, Director, Research Center for Arts and Culture, Teachers College Columbia University, 525 West 120 Street, Box 78, NY NY 10027 USA.

return to top of page

p l a t e a u x – international platform for young theatre directors

plateaux is a supportive model for experimental theatre. The project was initiated in 1999 by Künstlerhaus MOUSONTURM in co-operation with the cultural foundation of Deutsche Bank.

International artists, performers and companies in the field of experimental theatre and live art are invited to send in conceptual proposals.

plateaux commissions a limited number of productions and invites the artists for production residencies. The projects will be presented during the festival in October 2003 in Frankfurt/M.

For further information, please contact: Künstlerhaus MOUSONTURM, Waldschmidtstraáe 4, 60316 Frankfurt/M, Germany; tel.: ++49+69-40589517; fax: ++49 +69 40589540; e-mail: thomas.frank@mousonturm.de; http://www.mousonturm.de

return to top of page

Looking Inside Programme

Open Society Institute

The aim of Looking Inside, a subcomponent of the Arts and Culture Network Programme of the Open Society Institute is to organise an East-East programme of placements in well-established and acknowledged cultural institutions of Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Mongolia for art managers and cultural administrators from these regions. The idea is that both parts should profit from the programme: the art manager (intern) by acquiring new competencies and gaining new experience, and the hosting institution by involving high quality professionals in its activity, creating new links and exploring possibilities for developing new projects.

Since the fall of 2002 the Culturelink Network, headquartered at the Institute for International Relations (IMO), Zagreb, Croatia, has hosted four interns within the framework of the Looking Inside Programme: Julia Bardoun and Andrey Lisitsky from Russia, Renata Šukaityte from Lithuania, and Chilaajav Khaidav from Mongolia. The period of internship was two weeks during, which time the interns were assigned tutors who helped them organise and co-ordinate their stay. The interns were given insights into the functioning of the cultural networking system and the rich cultural documentation of the Culturelink Network. They saw demonstrations of the complete work process in the Culturelink Network. They were able to share their experience and knowledge, which proved to be also useful to the Culturelink Network, particularly regarding its Cultural Development Database. According to their specific interests, the four interns visited various cultural institutions in Zagreb, where in many cases they were able to talk with experts in their fields of interest.

For more information about the Looking Inside Programme, please contact: Elizabeta Grygiel, Arts and Culture Network Program Manager, Open Society Institute - Stefan Batory Foundation, ul. Sapiezynska 10 a, 00-215 Warsaw, Poland; tel.: 48 22 536 02 32; fax: 48 22 536 02 20; e-mail: egrygiel@batory.org.pl; http://www.batory.org.pl/art/coordinators.html

return to top of page

Creative Residencies Programme 2003 in Media and Visual Arts

The Creative Residencies Programme in Media and Visual Arts at the Banff Centre, Canada provides studio facilities and support for artists working in a broad range of media. Programmes in media and visual arts focus on professional development, research and training opportunities for artists and diverse communities of cultural producers at all stages of their careers. Programmes support creative research, production and critical endeavours. They provide access to emerging and established technologies through world-class facilities in photography, sculpture, print media and papermaking, ceramics, painting, performance, architecture, new media, television, video, curatorial and critical studies, and textiles.

Artists may participate in a number of Creative Residency programmes, including self-directed, thematic, new works and work study programmes. Workshops, symposia and other activities are also offered. Self-directed creative residencies provide time and space for the artist to create new works, research innovative ideas, and experiment with different techniques and modes of production. In this programme, artists structure their own time within a supportive and nurturing creative environment. Thematic residencies provide an important opportunity to support creativity and conversations among indigenous artists throughout the world. New Works is a residency dedicated to the production of specific new work(s) or project(s) with an existing and confirmed venue for exhibition, publication or another form of presentation. Possibilities include creating an installation for an upcoming exhibition, printing photographs for an exhibition catalogue, or producing ceramics or prints for a specific venue. Work Study Programmes provide the participant with a combination of learning opportunities and supervised, practical work related to the participant's learning objectives. Learning opportunities may be formal sessions and/or workshops, or they may be informal opportunities arising out of specific situations.

To find out more or to apply, please contact: Banff Centre, Office of the Registrar, PO Box 1020, 107 Tunnel Mountain Drive, Banff, Alberta, Canada T1L 1H5; tel.: +1 403 762 6180; fax: +1 403 762 6345; e-mail: arts_info@banffcentre.ca; http://www.banffcentre.ca

return to top of page

Europa Nostra Restoration Fund Grant Scheme

Call for Entries for Grant - 2003

Europa Nostra, the pan-European federation for heritage, is now accepting entries for its 2003 Restoration Fund Grant. This scheme, which has been running for eleven years, enables Europa Nostra to speak on behalf of European civil society committed to the protection and enhancement of heritage as an essential component of Europe's identity. It also plays a crucial role in the well-being of Europe's citizens.

Each year the Restoration Fund makes a financial contribution to the restoration of a part of a privately owned endangered building or site having architectural and historical value. A specific field of restoration is chosen each year. The project has to be on a scale that enables the Restoration Grant to make a significant contribution to its completion. At present the Grant amounts to a maximum of EUR20,000.

Since its creation the Grant has supported a number of restoration projects throughout Europe and encouraged other sponsors/donors to provide additional funds for the full completion of these projects. It has also helped to shape public opinion and inspired local heritage authorities to undertake further work.

Theme for the 2003 Grant

The 2003 Grant will contribute to the restoration of a privately owned and inhabited historic protected (listed) building, or part of it, damaged by the floods of the summer of 2002. Closing date: 15 June 2003.

Theme for the 2004 Grant

The 2004 Grant will be awarded for the restoration of a monumental fireplace, originally executed before 1914, in a privately owned and inhabited residential historic building.

The Grant can only be awarded if the person responsible for the endangered object has obtained a letter of intent from one or more other sponsors/donors to contribute an amount at least equal to the Grant.

The Europa Nostra Restoration Grant call for entries 2003 is available at http://www.europanostra.org

Information requests and applications should be sent to: Laurie Neale, Heritage Awards Co-ordinator, Lange Voorhout 35, 2514 EC The Hague, The Netherlands, tel.: +31 70 3024052; fax: +31 70 3617865; e-mail: ao@europanostra.org

return to top of page

Internship and Fellowship Programme

The ICCROM Internship and Fellows Programme is open to candidates from all of its Member States. Internships are offered to those interested in increasing their experience of current issues of heritage preservation at the international level by working with one of the programmes at ICCROM.

Fellowships are made available to those wishing to undertake research in a particular field of heritage preservation. See Internships or Fellowships, depending on which category is of interest to you.

For more information, please visit: http://www.iccrom.org/eng/training/events/if.htm