L'œuvre Virale. Net Art and Hacker Culture
L'œuvre Virale. Net Art and Hacker Culture, by Jean-Paul Fourmentraux, Bruxelles, Editions La Lettre Volée, 2013, 144 pages, ISBN: 978-2-87317-384-5
Collective creation, network art, media diversion, hacktivism, artistic virus, open source, programmed image, practicable media, online museum, virtual identity, avatar, hacking, sharing, distributed author, copyright, copyleft... This book analyzes the social, aesthetical and political issues promoted by the unique combination of the contemporary art world and the Internet. It builds on an 'expressivist' commitment in the world of media through the development of exchange between peers and self-generating devices that are personal websites networks - blogs and other technologies paired. Since the second half of the 1990s, Net artists guide these technological changes and overcome the conventions of the collective creation or media experience. Their experiments uncover unexpected uses of network technologies and undertake new modes of communication. By specifically focusing on the ambivalence of the network and the art scene at the intersection of the Internet and contemporary art, it allows to expose the way works circulate like viruses, blending initiative of the artist, technological expertise and increasingly inventive amateur collective experience. The challenge is also to show how the Internet challenges the process of defining an activity or work as 'artistic' and the ways in which designers and users live and shape their identity out there.
Jean-Paul Fourmentraux is a sociologist, lecturer at the University of Lille 3 and associate researcher at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris (CRAL EHESS). He conducts comparative research on the interface between artistic creation, technological innovation and social research, and is the author of books such as Art et internet (CNRS, 2010), Artistes de laboratoire (Hermann, 2011), L'Ère Post-media (Hermann, 2012), Art et science (CNRS, 2012), L'œuvre commune (Presses du réel, 2013).
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