Cultural Identity, Art and Technology Programme
The Cultural Identity, Art and Technology
Programme (ICAT), Costa
Rica, came into being in the mid-1990s within the Centro de Investigación,
Docencia y Extensión Artistica (CIDEA), Faculty of Arts of the Universidad
Nacional (UNA). It currently serves both UNA and Costa Rica, but has the
potential to become one of Central America's most important educational and
alternative production resources. Based on the evolving uses of digital technology
and coupled with the theme of cultural identity, this unique and pioneering
programme seeks to influence, in a critical, creative and innovative way, the
artistic and technological development of Costa Rica, the Central American
region and the Caribbean, by means of research, experimentation, artistic
production and teaching in the areas of interaction between art, digital
technology and cultural identity.
ICAT's activities include:
research on cultural identity and digital technology in order to support,
fundamentally, artistic and cultural production;
in digital audiovisual production through modules, workshops and seminars;
artistic production and experimentation in relation to cultural identity and digital
of teaching, research and production with an interdisciplinary focus;
digital audiovisual production services in the professional market.
established the area of cultural identity as one of its priorities. This is due
not only to the increasing preoccupation with this issue at the national level,
but also to the fact that cultural identity is an integral part of sustainable
development, which is a major issue at the international level as well. In this
sense, CIDEA and ICAT seek not only precise ways in which culture should be
expressed within a sustainable development strategy, but also encourage the
integration of this dimension, hitherto generally left aside.
In making ICAT a
success, UNA has collaborated with the Utrecht School of the Arts (HKU) in The
Netherlands. Within the HKU, a great deal of expertise exists based on working
experience in Latin and Central America. It became clear that the
interdisciplinary approach to art education by the HKU in general, and the
Faculty of Arts, Media and Technology in particular, was of essential
importance for the future of the UNA/HKU collaboration.
To get the
programme financed, funding was requested from the Dutch MHO funding programme,
administrated by Nuffic. In the funding proposal the cooperation of CIDEA/UNA
and HKU was emphasised, with special reference to institution and capacity
building of CIDEA through the creation of the ICAT programme. The long-term
objectives of the project are described as follows:
- To consolidate
CIDEA as an interdisciplinary Centre for the development of links for mutual
knowledge, collaboration and enrichment between the processes of cultural
identity, professional artistic creation and contemporary technology.
promote an adequate response of the Costa Rican, Central American and the
Caribbean cultural communities to the challenges posed by the use of
support institution building by strengthening and developing ICAT and by the
incorporation of the cultural identity issue in the academic activity of CIDEA
and in the process of technological modernisation.
establish a regional decentralised information network and audiovisual database
with the help of adequately equipped and trained staff.
support capacity building by developing an art and technology specialisation
programme, adequately equipped and with the required technical and teaching
staff, for the education and training of professionals on a national and
Four ICAT sub-programmes: teaching, research, production and services
training modules students benefit from increasing educational opportunities and
career options. Training is concentrated mostly on digital audiovisual
production (non-linear editing, animation, digital sound design) and
interactive production (both for the web and CD-rom). ICAT's offerings provide
CIDEA students with workplace-type experience, lessons in how to deal with real
clients, time management and budget practice, and the ability to translate an
idea into a project.
sub-programme is of an interdisciplinary nature and covers topics referring to
cultural identity, digital technology and artistic production, with an emphasis
on Central America and the Caribbean. The sub-programme has the following
phenomena related to processes of construction of collective identities;
- research projects;
- a digital audio visual database on cultural identity in Central America and the Caribbean, as well as other data bases and Internet links related to the main
topics dealt with at ICAT.
important contribution of ICAT has been the development of a series of
databases related to the main interests of the programme - cultural identity,
art and technology:
collaboration with the Cultural Association INCORPORE, a database on
audiovisual production in Central America was created in order to promote
interchange and collaboration on a regional level (www.icat.una.ac.cr/CAAV).
database on organizations that offer financial support for cultural projects on
a world level (www.icat.una.ac.cr/dir/financiamiento/cultura).
ICAT's audiovisual database to help create mirrors of Central American and
Caribbean culture through still images, sound and moving images. Most of the
material comes from ICAT's fieldwork in Costa Rica, but there is interest in
linking up with other databases or similar work in order to create a decentralized
Central American and Caribbean network.
The ICAT project
has shown that its participants' evolving skills and knowledge (related to
digital technology and cultural identity) have 'commercial' value for CIDEA.
This evolves into income generating opportunities for CIDEA and ICAT. In turn,
such earnings will be used to subsidise CIDEA and ICAT's educational services,
research projects, equipment renewal, as well as further develop CIDEA's
professionalism within the education and arts fields. ICAT's potential
marketability is underlined by several evaluation studies.
First phase (1996-1999)
The first phase
of the project was characterized by a slow process of consolidation of the ICAT
programme within CIDEA (Faculty of Arts of the UNA), within the UNA at large
and within the Central American region, as a training and research centre which
lends services not only to the academic world of the university but also to
NGOs and Community Based Organisations working in the field of 'culture and
activities of the first phase, in collaboration with the HKU, were focused on
the training of trainers and technical support for the development of ICAT's
- Short training courses for academic and technical staff members of the Arts Faculty;
- Workshops focused on the integration of cultural identity aspects in the academic activities of CIDEA (curricula, teaching, research, extension, artistic
- Establishment of the digital audiovisual lab;
- Business plan for long term sustainability of the project;
- Training of researchers;
- Guest teaching and internships;
- Promotion of the project and its execution on the national and regional level.
Second phase (2000-2003)
The second phase
of the ICAT project wishes not only to continue developing the present
profiles, but to create digital components with specific profiles within the
existing art curricula of the CIDEA art schools (Music, Theatre, Dance and
Visual Arts), making the faculty a strategic training and formative institution
on the national and regional level. This requires the creation of an
administrative, academic and technical team which can support this new
development and consolidate the present ICAT objectives, including:
of ICAT's activities in a more decentralized and efficient way, with a clear
separation of functions and responsibilities;
and development of the digital curricular components, with an important level
of specialization of the human resources in each of the basic profiles of
of research and systematisation techniques using digital technology and
of a project office that can support the internal production requirements of
CIDEA and UNA, as well as create a more strategic amortization plan for the
digital development of the Centre / ICAT (especially in order to support
financially the area of upgrading technology and maintenance);
of an efficient technical support for the CIDEA / ICAT digital activities.
support to the Universidad Nacional (UNA) in the field of Cultural Identity,
Art and Technology (ICAT) is funded by the Joint Financing Programme for
Co-operation in Higher Education (MHO Programme). The co-operation between the
Utrecht School of the Arts (HKU) and the Universidad Nacional (UNA) in Heredia
dates from September 1995, when the first project period was approved for
funding from the MHO programme. The MHO is aimed at institution building,
defined as 'helping to develop, strengthen and improve the general functioning
of institutions of higher education in developing countries' and human resource
development, i.e., 'to contribute to meeting quantitative and qualitative
manpower deficiencies in developing countries'.
information, please contact: ICAT, Universidad Nacional, Apartado 86-3000, Heredia, Costa Rica,
e-mail: email@example.com; http://www.icat.una.ac.cr/
Programme of the Institute for Culture and Development Management (ICADM)
The Institute for Culture and Development Management (ICADM), South Africa, was called into
being in 2000 as a direct spin-off from the experiences through the Arts and Culture Management Programme (ACMP), which began
its training in 1995 at the Graduate School of Public and Development
Management (P&DM), University of the Witwatersrand. The ACMP offered
courses at various levels, including a masters in Management in Culture.
Pre-history of ICADM
Interest in this
unique programme has drawn participants from all corners of South Africa.
Locally, the ACMP was instrumental in formulating and launching the Arts and Culture Management Forum. During 1998 the
Programme was offered to arts and culture managers in East Africa. On a wider
scale, the pioneering experience of this training in developing societies is
also receiving global interest. The programme relates closely to the
Association for Cultural Economics International (ACEI) and the International
Association of Arts and Cultural Management (AIMAC).
experiences are now coupled with an increasing demand, as established by a
recent needs analysis held by Beck and Epskamp, (Beck, Paola and Kees Epskamp. Training needs analysis in the field of cultural management in South
study between the Graduate School of Public & Development Management
(P&DM) of the University of the Witwatersrand and the Nuffic. Johannesburg/
The Hague, P&DM / Nuffic. Culturelink, Special Issue 2000, pp. 77-99) for
the provision of higher qualifications such as diplomas and degrees in arts
management and related fields. To address these new demands, new initiatives
have materialised, such as the University of Cape Town offering a diploma in
Heritage Studies, which incorporates an elective in heritage management
training through a partnership with the Robben Island Training Programme and a
masters in Heritage Studies from the University of the Witwatersrand, which
incorporates the three electives designed by the ACMP mentioned above.
It has been
estimated that around 500,000 South Africans are directly engaged in artistic,
cultural, and heritage-related pursuits in South Africa. For most, this has
become their livelihood too, all the more so in view of the increasing number
of tourist-related initiatives. The role of government is to create the
conditions within which arts and culture may flourish, heritage may be
preserved, and tourism may expand, while the arts and culture community takes
responsibility for practising, preserving, maintaining, and managing the
creation and production of its wide-ranging activities and services.
colonialism and Apartheid, the culture of the majority of South Africans was
neglected, distorted and suppressed. Freedom of expression and creativity were
stifled. The 'new' democratic government's 'Reconstruction and Development
Programme' (See Cultural
Change and Development in South Africa, Culturelink, Special Issue 1998/1999, 224 pp.) aims to
assert and promote the rich and diverse expressions of South African culture
and develop a unifying national culture, representing the aspirations of all of
South Africa's people, thereby ensuring that culture and the arts are firmly
rooted as fundamental components of the country's development. Yet, to date,
'culture' has not been adequately linked to 'development' in a broader sense
and is usually relegated to the back seat of public and private enterprise. It
is thus vital to the arts and culture sector to continue increasing the
awareness - through activities, lobbying, advocacy, and professionalism of the
sector - of the importance of cultural development and its contribution to
development as a whole. Such an objective is consistent with the South African
national ideal of democracy which serves to promote cultural survival through
ongoing debate guided by the need for tolerance and appreciation of the
different cultures of South Africa.
Culture and development management: the general need for training
creative development is in the hands of South African schools, universities,
colleges, and passed down through community tradition. In this day of
competitiveness and business efficiency, when all civil society leaders and
managers are expected to make the most efficient and effective use of their
time, talent and resources, administration, marketing, service, and financial
skills have to be learned too, while information on these subjects needs to be
shared. Considering the many forms of artistic and cultural expression
(including heritage and tourism), arts and culture have an enormous influence
on the lives of South Africa's 39 million people and on the lives of the
tourists visiting the country.
South Africa the development of organisational capacity is required at all
levels of the existing arts and cultural organisations, from administrative
abilities to management concepts. In the words of the Deputy Minister of Arts,
Culture, Science and Technology, 'Cultural heritage provides a wealth of
potential upliftment for our communities, if properly managed' (Mabandla, 1997:
'The Way Forward' Conference). This need to develop management know-how is
further endorsed by the Draft White Paper on Arts,
Culture and Heritage
(1996) in paragraph 56, which talks about Human Resource Development
requirements. Both public sector administrators and managers of not-for-profit
arts and culture organisations need and want training in various aspects of
Training needs at the basic level
At the basic
level, there is a need for courses that show people the functions of accounting
and computers. At a more senior level there is a need for people who can
develop, implement, monitor and evaluate their own organisational policies and
strategic plans, where effective transformation management is one of the main
keys to success. The recent needs analysis made by Beck and Epskamp indicates
that information management and marketing management are among the key training
requirements expressed by the sector.
research in the field of arts and culture is done on a sectoral or discipline
basis, with insufficient flow of information across boundaries that separate
different forms of arts and related cultural and heritage studies. Since such
research is done in relative isolation by various individuals, groups and
departments in tertiary institutions, information is often difficult to trace
and access, particularly by people who are not linked to a tertiary
institution. An institute that is positioned to collate research information,
catalogue it, and promote further research will contribute to the aims of
uplifting the sector as a whole through information-sharing. Focusing such an
institute on management enables the arts and culture sector to link together
over common issues as opposed to remaining separated by discipline.
for Culture and Development Management (ICADM) will enhance the coherent
development of curricula for tertiary institutions, not-for-profit
organisations, and other interested parties, which are compliant with the
National Qualification Framework (NQF) requirements while matching such
curricula with the current requirements of managers, leaders, officials,
administrators and policy-makers in cultural institutions. These include community
arts centres; galleries, museums and libraries; music, dance, song, theatre,
visual arts, crafts, and storytelling organisations; performing groups or
companies; cultural villages; publishing houses; film and broadcasting
agencies; festival, event, and tour organisers; unions; policy formulating
bodies; and funding agencies, in the fields of arts, culture, heritage, and
tourism. The ICADM will also develop research in management issues in these
four multivariate yet related fields.
Initially, the focus
will be on management training and research related to three areas: the
enhancement and study of the economic contribution of arts, culture and
heritage through tourism and other elements of production; linked to this is
management as an interface of cultural development and its spin offs for
sustaining the national Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP); and
supporting these will be cultural management training as a means of improving
the sustainability of NGOs through enhanced service and marketing management.
With the above in mind the Mission of the Institute for Culture and Development Management is:
ICADM MISSION STATEMENT
'With a focus
on South Africa and the developing world, the Institute for Culture and
Development Management seeks to broaden the provision of education, training,
research, and consultancy towards creating a sound professional platform for
the enhancement of service, sustainability, and development of organisations
and projects involved in arts, culture, heritage, and tourism.'
will be achieved through the following long-term goals:
ICADM LONG-TERM GOALS
- Launching and maintaining an Institute for Culture and Development
Management as a not-for-profit independent organisation.
- Reaching for long-term financial security through a broad base of
income generation and retaining competent staff.
- Developing courses for education and training in arts, culture,
heritage, and tourism management and related fields.
- Introducing research into the issues and aspects revolving around
arts, culture, heritage, and tourism management cases.
- Providing a consultancy base at both local and global levels in the
related fields, including the promotion of South African cultural products.
- Developing a professional body which
would assist with (1) the maintenance of a code of ethics for professional arts
management, (2) lobbying and advocacy on behalf of the sectors involved in the
Institute's focus, and (3) sustaining networks in the field.
- Moving the Institute's outputs and networks across the country and
into other African states and developing countries.
information, please contact: ICADM, Paola Beck BA(FA) MBA, 83 Mons Road, Observatory 2198,
Johannesburg, South Africa, tel./fax: 27 11 648 5851; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Plans and Objectives of the International Cultural Centre at Cracow for 2001
The International Cultural Centre (ICC) of Cracow
has announced its plans and objectives for 2001. The tenth year of the Centre's
activity is both the year of continuation and stabilisation, and the time for
summary and forming the Centre's vision for the next decade. The essence
of the ICC's work is the integration of scientific research, educational
programmes and promotional actions related to European cultural heritage. This
complex and innovative approach, against the background of Polish
circumstances, is reflected in the programme planned by the Centre for the year
on Central Europe - A New Dimension of Heritage will summarize the achievements
of the International Cultural Centre. The meeting of alumni will take place on
the occasion of a special session of the College for New Europe. Other
educational activities include Galicia - The Historic Region of Europe, the
summer programme prepared in co-operation with the Institut für den Donauraum
und Mitteleuropa in Vienna and the Institute of International Affairs of Vienna
University; and Democracy and Diversity, annual summer session under the
auspices of the New School University in New York.
The schedule of
exhibitions will be a continuation of the Centre's programme policy and will
include the presentation of European graphic art from the collections of the
Print Room of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, Neo Rauch's paintings
representing the German avant-garde of the late 20th century, Erich
Mendelsohn's designs from the beginning of the century, and the first
presentation of Czech art in Poland.
information, please contact: International Cultural Centre, Rynek Glówny 25, 31-008 Kraków, Poland,
tel.: +48-12-421-8601 421-7702; fax: +48-12-421-8571 / 421-7844; e-mail: email@example.com; http://www.mck.krakow.pl
Program in Arts Administration and
The Center for Educational Outreach and Innovation
Teachers College, Columbia University
Critical Issues in Cultural Policy
May 29 -
June 21, 2001
Dr. J. Mark
Schuster (M.I.T.) returns to teach this high-level course in international
comparative cultural policy.
three modules, this course will address how cultural policy choices are
currently being made across countries and levels of government and consider how
they might be improved. By placing cultural policy in a global context,
attendees will explore and evaluate how governments provide or intervene in the
arts through a wide variety of political strategies and public policy tools.
Who should attend?
policy makers, arts managers and professionals, arts administration students,
and others interested in cultural policy.
Course may be
taken as a whole (credit transfer to home institutions may be available for
students) or in independent modules.
Cultural Policies, Framework for Thinking [May 29, 30, 31 and June 4, 5]
The Design of Cultural Policy, Questions to be Answered [June 11, 12, 14]
Government Action, Five Tools and Three Levels [June 18, 19, 21]
information, please contact: Program in Arts Administration, Teachers College, Columbia University,
Box 78, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA, tel.: 212 678 3268;
fax: 212 678 4048; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Support for Cultural Policy Projects in 2001
The Cultural Policy Sub-component of the Arts and Culture Network
Program, Open Society Institute, Hungary aims to promote long-term structural changes
in the field of cultural policy - the development and implementation of
different models of cultural actions with specific emphasis on projects that
will be given to long-term projects (for the first part of their realization in
the year 2001) aimed at developing:
and fiscal policy in the field of culture (related to various issues such as
copyright law and other legal activities in culture, heritage protection,
non-profit associations and organizations, privatization in culture and the
arts, regionalization of cultural policy, etc.);
of existing infrastructures into more flexible and self-sustainable ones;
entrepreneurial and fund-raising models of cultural institutions and events;
and training of cultural administrators (policy makers), arts managers and
entrepreneurs (including the training of trainers);
and development of new artistic venues and resource centers, linked with
cultural policy issues;
- cross-cultural communication.
The following types of projects will receive support:
models of cultural action at the international, national or regional level;
research projects aimed at practical results and implementation;
conferences, workshops, training, and other forms of education organized at the
debates and round tables (using media networks), lobbying activities and
collection and dissemination of information (sharing of good policy solutions
and case studies, holding 'fairs' for the exchange of best practices).
The deadline for application is 3 September 2001.
To find out
how to submit a project, please contact: Lidia Varbanova, Program Director, Arts and
Culture Network Program, Oktober 6 u., No: 12, OSI - Budapest, Hungary, tel.:
+361 327 3100; fax: +361 327 3101; e-mail: email@example.com;
Elzbieta Grygiel, Program Manager, Arts and Culture Network Program, Stefan
Batory Foundation, 10a, Sapiezynka Str., 00-215 Warsaw, Poland, tel.: +48 22
536 0232 or 536 0200; fax: +48 22 536 0220; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summer School Programme for 2001
The Graduate School in Language and Communication (University of Southern Denmark, Odense) announces its Summer School
programme for 2001.
17-23 June: Workshop on Narrative Cognition and Culture
will bring together distinguished researchers in anthropology, linguistics
(conversational analysis, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics), psychology and
semiotics to explore narrative from a variety of perspectives, using diverse
methods. The workshop will include lectures by invited speakers, as well as
problem-oriented work in small groups.
'Kystgaarden', Nyborg Strand, Fyn, Denmark.
24-29 June: Courses in cognitive linguistics, language acquisition, interaction,
available for PhD students from outside Denmark who wish to attend the summer
school (either or both the workshop and the course week).
University of Southern Denmark, Odense
information, please contact: Johannes Wagner, University of Southern Denmark, Language and
Communication, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark, tel.: (45) 65 50 32 20;
fax: (45) 65 93 24 83; http://www.sdu.dk/Hum/GraduateSchool;
Gulliver's Connect Programme 2001/2002
building on the positive experience from the past two programmes of Gulliver's
Connect, the Felix Meritis Foundation in Amsterdam, the Arts and Culture
Network Program of the Open Society Institute, Budapest, and KulturKontakt in
Austria are happy to announce the continuation of this international
partnership with the new Gulliver's Connect 2001/2002 Programme.
Connect aims to facilitate collaborative partnerships between arts
practitioners from neighbouring countries in Central and Eastern Europe, the
former Soviet Union and Mongolia and encourage the process of 'learning from
The idea is that
via a work placement scheme an arts practitioner becomes a temporary
member of a host organisation's working team with a specific role, task or
project. The work placement period is a time for both "visitor" and
"host" to learn and experience each other's working practices,
cultural identities and national situations, and to establish new international
cultural relations or strengthen existing ones.
is open only to professional arts practitioners and arts/cultural organisations
from Central and Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union and Mongolia.
arts practitioners must have 1 - 3 years project or organisational management
experience and demonstrate that the impact of the work placement experience
will contribute to systematic changes in their local cultural environments.
Priority will be given to applicants from non-capital cities. The host
organizations should be arts and cultural non-governmental organisations which
have demonstrated good working practices in adapting to the new situation and
climate of their countries.
approximately 40 bursaries for the Gulliver's Connect 2001/2002 programme of
around 1,500 USD each. The bursary covers the work placement costs of travel,
accommodation and a daily allowance for a period of between 3 and 6 weeks.
The deadline for
completed applications this year is 28 May 2001. All applicants will be
informed of the selected candidates by the end of June 2001.
placements will run until the end of September 2002.
application forms or more information, please contact: Gwen Crawford, The Felix Meritis
Foundation, Keizersgracht 324, 1016 EZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands, tel.: +31 20
6262321; fax: +31 20 6249368; e-mail: email@example.com;
(from 1st April 2001)
Graduate Programme in Cultural and Media Studies (CMS)
University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
are invited to visit the redesigned CMS web page: www.und.ac.za/und/ccms
This site has
been structured as a general research and teaching resource. It will be of
interest to scholars in African studies, cultural and media studies,
broadcasting communication, development studies, semiotics, and African
sites grouped here apply cultural and media studies within African contents.
- African Media Project
- African Philosophy
- Anthropology - Cultural Policy
- Development Media
- Political Economy
- Social Movements
prospective applicants is provided, as are also courses, course outlines and
templates, and student work, under the link called 'Courses':
- Faculty [Teaching, administrative, research, adjunct]
- Courses [templates, descriptions, reading lists, support divisions]
- International Academic Advisory Committee
- Professional Advisory Committee
inquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org (Professor Keyan
inquiries: email@example.com (S. Govender,
Media and Visual Arts
A Thematic Residency About Time
Alberta, Canada, October 22 to December 7, 2001
The Banff Centre for the Arts is a place for artists. (See Culturelink no. 31/August 2000, pp. 43-44, and p. 32 in this issue.) Dedicated
to lifelong learning and professional career development in the arts, the
year-round continuing education facility serves as a site and catalyst for
creative activity and experience. The Banff Centre is Canada's only
post-secondary learning centre dedicated to the arts, leadership development,
and mountain culture.
Media and Visual Arts focus on professional development, research and training
opportunities for artists, researchers, scientists, cultural producers,
software developers, technicians, designers, philosophers, policy makers, and
economists. Programmes support creative research, production and critical
endeavours, and provide access to emerging and established technologies in new
media, video, television, ceramics, painting, performance, photography, print
media, paper making, sculpture and textiles. The Banff Centre supports artists
at all stages of their careers in a multidisciplinary environment.
residencies focus on a pre-determined theme and capture current and emerging
ideas in visual and media art. Residencies are international and open to all
visual and media artists as well as curators, critics and theorists. The theme
of this residency is time. The residency will bring to Banff 40 artists whose
work shares similar approaches to the use of time in their practises. This cross
disciplinary environment of lectures, presentations and seminars will set a
discursive stage for the residency.
information, please contact: The Banff Centre for the Arts, Office of the Registrar, Box 1020
Station 28; 107 Tunnel Mountain Drive, Banff, Alberta, Canada T0L 0C0
Jennifer Woodbury, tel.: +1-403-762-6302; fax: +1-403-762-6665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;
Sara Diamond, tel.: +1-403-762-6696; fax: +1-403-762-6665; e-mail: email@example.com;